There are many indications for Orthodontic Treatment.
Bite problems-which are referred to as “overbite”-are most often what orthodontists refer to as “overjet”. This is a condition in which the upper teeth protrude farther than the lower teeth.
The overjet may occur due to a protrusion of the upper teeth, or a lack of development of the lower jaw.
Crowding-or crooked teeth-is a very common reason for needing orthodontic treatment. Crowding occurs when there is not enough space for the eruption of all permanent teeth.
An underbite is a condition where the lower teeth protrude farther than the upper teeth. These cases are often caused by the undergrowth of the upper jaw, or the overgrowth of the lower
jaw. It can also be a combination of both.
An open bite is a bite problem where, often, the front teeth do not touch. There are also cases where the bite does not touch on the sides. Open bites can be caused by habits such as thumb
or finger sucking, tongue thrust (when patients swallow by pushing there tongues forward when swallowing), or growth problems with the jaw.
Impacted teeth refers to a situation where teeth are trapped in the jaw and do not erupt into the mouth. The teeth that are most often impacted are the cuspids, or “canines”. The treatment of impacted teeth is very important because it can cause bite problems and also affect the health of the adjacent teeth.
Spacing occurs when the size of the teeth is smaller than the size of the jaw.
Space Between the Front teeth (Diastema)
This is a space between the front teeth (most often on the upper jaw). The space can be the result of small upper teeth, excessive gum tissue, lack of bone between the teeth, or a strong
frenum(muscle attachment) between the front teeth.